Puzzle: Daniel Bullock & Levina Goheen

Rose recently contacted me indicating that she thought she was connected to the descendants of Benjamin Bullock. Rose’s great-grandmother, Elizabeth, was married to Thomas Quinn. They can be found in the 1871 census (Ontario, West Durham, Township of Cartwright) with their daughter, Mary Jane, Rose’s grandmother.

Rose and her siblings have done the Ancestry DNA test. They came up a very high 3rd cousin match with kcdjohn (Clarke Family Tree at https://www.ancestry.ca/family-tree/tree/13424834/family). Looking at this tree, Rose found great-grandparents Daniel David Bullock and Levina Goheen with a daughter named Elizabeth. In the 1871 census mentioned above, the names next to Thomas Quinn and Elizabeth Quinn are Andrew Dean and Harriett Dean. Harriett, the daughter of Daniel Bullock and Levina Goheen, was married to Andrew Dean. Harriett had a sister named Elizabeth. Rose hypothesizes that it is quite likely that the Elizabeth and the Harriet in the 1871 census are sisters living near each other. Based on this hypothesis, Rose concludes that her great-grandmother, Elizabeth, is Elizabeth Bullock, sister of Harriett and daughter of Daniel Bullock and Levina Goheen.

RosePedigree

Hypothesis #2. One of the other trees to which to which she and her siblings have a strong connection is Tamerlouie (Dithlefsen-Berenyui Family at https://www.ancestry.ca/family-tree/tree/14932096/familyhttps://www.ancestry.ca/family-tree/tree/14932096/family) which has Bullocks (Emery Bullock) who are definitely descendants of Benjamin Bullock. Rose also has a DNA match to kacampbell73 who’s does not have a tree on Ancestry but confirmed in an email that his great grandfather, Daniel Campbell, married Margaret Alice Bullock (born Jun 24, 1852 in Quebec). Margaret Alice Bullock is also a descendant of Benjamin Bullock. This makes it a strong possibility that the Daniel Bullock married to Levina Goheen is a descendent of Benjamin Bullock. Benjamin had a son named Daniel. He was mentioned in Benjamin’s will in 1845. He wasn’t in Clarenceville with Benjamin and his family. We don’t know where he was. Given the DNA results, it is a good possibility that the Daniel Bullock married to Levina Goheen is Benjamin Bullock’s son.

In order to make the actual connection, we need more information about Daniel Bullock. A marriage record for Daniel and Levina Goheen might give us the name of his parents. Birth, marriage or death records of their children might provide clues. Please contact me if you have anything which might help us further our knowledge of these families.

Henry Bullock & Laura Ann Lee

The chart for Henry Bullock, Benjamin’s last child with Hannah Danford, and his wife can be found on the Family Chart link (On the right, Chart #6). This family lived by and large in Vermont, New Hampshire although one daughter, Elvira, moved to Washington state and eventually Oregon. After Henry’s death in 1896, Laura remarried to John Tewkesbury. When she died in 1912, she was buried in the Marlington Cemetery in Marlington, QC. Henry was buried in East Andover, New Hampshire. The cemetery has not been determined.

Elizabeth Bullock & Samuel Orson Clark

I have added the chart for the family of Elizabeth Bullock and Samuel Orson Clark (see the Family Chart link #5 on the right sidebar). The information for many of the children in this family is very limited. Based on what we know about a few of them, the family appear to have remained in the Clarenceville, Sutton areas of Quebec as well as nearby parts of Vermont. I’m hoping to fill in some of the missing pieces with your help. In addition to Bullock and Clark, common names in this family are: McVicker, Tower and Drew.

Benjamin Bullock: Caldwell & Christie Manors

After the start of the American Revolution, loyalists from the thirteen colonies, primarily New York state, began moving north along Lake Champlain and the down the Richelieu River and settled in Christie Manor. The seigneurial system of land tenure in Christie Manor was carried over from the French regime. Loyalists who settled in this area became tenants i,e, censitaires and paid fees to the seigneure, Colonel Gabriel Christie and subsequently his heirs. The first record of our ancestor, Benjamin Bullock, shows up on a lease agreement between Benjamin and Napier Christie Burton, the seigneur at that time.

Loyalist were those leaving the American colonies following the American revolution sometime in the 1780s and 1790s. Benjamin’s arrival in Noyan sometime in 1819 or following is too late for him to be considered a loyalist. However, it is possible that he was following either a family member of family friend who had migrated here as a loyalist.

As Herb Derick states in his article The Loyalists of the Eastern Townships of Quebec:

It appears that strained patriotic relations between relatives and former friends did not last for many years, as within a very short time, non-loyalists were coming forward to take up crown lands east of the seigniories and also to purchase titles on conceded lands in the seigniories. Many references may be found to this effect, in particular, the list of persons who took the oath of allegiance at “Missiskoui Bay” in 1795. Also, agents travelled to the colonies to encourage people to come northward. Nevertheless, perhaps the settled loyalists themselves were the greatest propagandists for the development of the new country. Relatives of various degrees came to the manor and settled likely due to the good reports from the loyalists.

This may be another clue as to the origins of our Benjamin Bullock

The settlers of British origin were dissatisfied with the seigneurial system of land tenure. Petitions were made over the years to have it changed. After many attempts to modify it, the seigneurial system was abolished in 1854. Seigneurs were compensated. Censitaires were given free and clear ownership of the land they were leasing.

Cynthia Bullock and John Leonard Fletcher

I have posted the chart for the family of Cynthia Bullock (daughter of Benjamin Bullock and Hannah Danford) and her husband, John Leonard Fletcher. In the interest of keeping the blog post to a reasonable length, I have not included the tree in the blog. Access the Cynthia Bullock & John Leonard Fletcher tree here or on the Family Chart link in the sidebar.

Cythia and John were married in Caldwell & Christie Manors, Missisquoi, QC on 29 Dec 1829. Their first two children were born there as well. By the time of the birth of their third child, Melissa J. Fletcher, they had move to Michigan where Melissa was born. Cynthia and John Fletcher are buried in the Midland Cemetery, Midland, MI. The children and their children are found in Michigan, Ohio and California.

Benjamin Bullock: Where Did He Come From?

The process of tracing your ancestry involves starting from what you know in the present and working your way back through each preceding generation. This research leads us back to the early 1800s and Benjamin Bullock. We don’t actually know where Benjamin came from. We see his name on a document dated February 22, 1819 showing that Benjamin had leased Lot #6 in the first concession on South river in the Seigniory of Noyan from N. C. Burton, Seignior, through the notary, Edme Henry. Nothing in this document or any subsequent documents actually say where he was born or where he came from. We do have a number of clues however.

We do have a few clues to point us in the right direction:

  1. On the death record of Benjamin’s son, Henry, Benjamin’s birthplace is given as England. Henry’s birthplace is given as Albany, NY.
  2. On the death record of Benjamin’s son, Prentis, Benjamin’s birthplace is given as Canada.
  3. On the death record of Benjamin’s grandson, James Edward Bullock, James Edward’s father John’s (son of Benjamin) birthplace is shown as England.
  4. On the death record of Benjamin’s granddaughter, Ann Eliza Hordly, Ann Eliza’s father John’s (son of Benjamin) birthplace is shown as Boston.
  5. On the 1880 census for Orlando Stever, his wife Mary Jane Stever née Bullock and daughter of Benjamin Bullock, shows father’s birthplace as Vermont.
  6. Benjamin’s son married Harriet Dent, daughter of Robert Thompson Dent. It is possible that the families are close friends. Robert Thompson Dent’s headstone shows that he was born in Yorkshire. This might also be the birthplace of Benjamin.
  7. On the 186 Canada East Census, a Henry and Mary Bullock are shown as part of Benjamin’s son, John Bullock’s household. Henry and Mary are about the same age as Benjamin would have been. They are clearly family members, possibly Benjamin’s brother and sister/sister-in-law, and their place of birth is shown as England. This might tell us where Benjamin was born1

None of these clues tell us where Benjamin was born. They provide us leads, places to explore which might lead us to where Benjamin married Hannah Danford, to where some of the children were born, and maybe, to where Benjamin Bullock was born. This is the great brickwall for our family. So far, none of these leads has turned up anything to show where Benjamin was born. Somewhere, someone out there may have a piece of information, a document which holds the key to enabling us to unravel our ancestry back still further than Benjamin, perhaps to the American colonies, or to England or to some other unthought of place.

John Bullock and Harriet Dent

This chart shows the family of Benjamin Bullock’s eldest child (as far as we know) and his wife Harriet Dent. I hope you find the information useful in your research. I’d be happy to add any information you might have which is not shown, e.g. birth, death and marriage dates, the cemetery where an individual is buried. Two families for which I would especially appreciate any leads or hints you might have to point me in the right direction:

  1. John Melvin Bullock and Alice W. Meeker
  2. William Elmer Bullock and Sarah B. Parker

CHRTJohnBullock:HarrietDenr

 

Benjamin Bullock: How Do We Know What We Know?

As we work through the process of adding more information about our family, it is important to ensure that each fact can be supported by evidence. This evidence can take many forms e.g. birth, marriage & death record, newspaper obituary, will, to name but a few sources. This helps us answer the question, “How do I know that fact?” In doing my research into the family of Benjamin Bullock, I have found sites and family trees stating facts about Benjamin and his family which are unsubstantiated.

1. A number of sites show Benjamin’s name as Benjamin John William Bullock. When I contact the owners to ask how they know this, the most common answer I receive is they got it from someone else’s family tree. No one has produced any evidence to show how this conclusion was arrived at. The large number of documents which I have accumulated show Benjamin’s name to be, simply, Benjamin Bullock.

2. I have come across family trees naming Benjamin’s parents. To the question, “What is the evidence supporting the conclusion as to who his parents are?“, there has been no response. To this point, I have seen no evidence linking Benjamin to any parents. This continues to be a brick wall which I hope we will break through someday.

If the family trees we build to share with others are to have any value and not be just wishful thinking, they must be based on a firm foundation. Each fact in the chain must be solid. For each fact, the answer to the question, “How do I know this?” must be based on reliable sources which can be cited to substantiate the fact.

Building a family tree which is a true and accurate history is hard work.  I hope we can help each other build a better picture of Benjamin Bullock and his descendants.

Benjamin Bullock & Phebe Lewis

Hannah Danford passed away on Sept. 17, 1826. Benjamin remarried on Dec. 16, 1827 to Phebe Lewis. Together they had 8 children. This chart shows the relevant dates for this family,

BK17ChrtBenPhebe

Benjamin died on Jan. 30, 1846 about a year and a half after the birth of George Lewis. Phebe passed away a few years later on Dec. 16, 1849. Of the combined family of fifteen, two would have been left parentless at a very young age: George Lewis, age about five and Nancy Jane, age about nine.

Benjamin Bullock & Hannah Danford

For my first post, I have attached a chart showing Benjamin’s family of seven children with Hannah Danford. Two of the children, Daniel and Sally, we only know about because they are mentioned in Benjamin’s will when he died in 1846. Their dates of birthday are only an educated guess as we have so far found no records for either of them. More information about this family can be found on my website The Genealogy of Benjamin Bullock. On a regular basis, I will be posting new information, articles, documents and insights about this family. I will also be posting charts like the one below for Benjamin’s family with Phebe Lewis as well as for each of Benjamin’s children and their families. I look forward to hearing from you and hope we can help each other in this genealogical pursuit to find out who we are.

BK17ChrtBenHannah